Nebraska/Iowa Weekly Hay Summary (Fri)
Kearney, NE    Thu Sep 12, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Sep 13, 2019

  Compared to last week hay sold fully steady. Small squares of premium 
grass hay sold 10.00 higher. Alfalfa pellets sold steady. Demand improved 
this week as many contacts noted several calls and more confirmed sales 
on hay. Once again, rain across several areas of the state shutting down 
hay production and slowing green chopping. Some reports from producers 
that especially have cattle, made haylaige out of most of their alfalfa 
this year. As, we head into the fall and winter it will be interesting to 
see what direction the hay market goes. Several comments on a limited 
supply of high testing 170 or greater RFV hay in the sheds. Many reports 
of hay testing from 120-160 RFV this summer on large squares. Top quality 
(premium) grass hay is starting to move to feedlots as they begin to wean 
bawling calves. Several reports of cane and millet hay has been cut and 
waiting for warm sunny days to aid in drying.  Some talks on what will 
cornstalk bales be worth this fall as producers are looking to bale 
hundreds of these bales for winter and spring feeding. Note: �All sales 
are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless otherwise noted.� 
�All reported prices are on confirmed sold prices.�

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 100.00-105.00; Fair large rounds 85.00. 
Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 125.00-130.00; Good large rounds 
100.00-110.00. Premium small squares 170.00-180.00.  Dehy alfalfa 
pellets 17 percent 320.00. 
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 105.00. Grass hay: Premium large rounds 
120.00-130.00. Oat hay large rounds 80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa-cornstalk mix 125.00-135.00. 
Oat/cane mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground and delivered corn 
stalks 110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 275.00; Sun-cured 
alfalfa 15 percent protein 240.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 140.00-160.00. Straw large squares 65.00-
80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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