Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
Torrington, WY    Thu Sep 12, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending Sep 13, 2019

   Compared to last week hay sold fully steady to firm. Demand was 
moderate to good from local buyers with very good demand from out of 
state buyers.  There are loads of small squares getting shipped half way 
across the USA for horse owners in several eastern states. One of the 
four letter words describing the weather that many hate to hear has 
arrived in the higher elevations of WY. Several reports that �snow� has 
fallen in the Wind River Mountains and other mountain ranges across 
western WY in the last couple of days. Also, rain has been reported in 
the Riverton and Powell areas halting several outside activities. A lot 
of reports of lower testing hay available, very limited supply of 150 and 
above RFV reports from contacts. Note: �All prices are dollars per ton 
FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise noted.� 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Premium large squares 180.00; Good large squares 150.00-160.00; 
Fair large squares 140.00. Premium small squares 270.00. Alfalfa/grass: 
Good to premium large squares 200.00-215.00. Straw large squares 70.00-
80.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00-165.00; Fair large squares 120.00-
130.00. Premium small squares 200.00-210.00. Alfalfa/Orchard grass: 
Premium small squares 225.00; Fair large squares 120.00-130.00. Timothy: 
Good to Premium large squares 240.00; Premium small squares 235.00-
250.00.  Mix grasses: Fair large squares 120.00-130.00. Certified weed 
seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, 50 lbs bags 280.00.

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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